Models Collection

Horch 853

Ever since 1927, Horch had made a ‘Horch 8 Sport Cabriolet’. These were initially two-door, two-seat open cars with two side windows only, and two ‘dickey’ seats at the back. As the years passed, the models acquired more space at the back. In 1932, the relevant model in the Horch catalogue was the Type 780. Its successor in 1935 was the 853, one of the most beautifully styled cars of its entire era.

Horch 853 (1935) models_constellation_horch853_144_80.jpg

This was the first of the large Horch models, with a 5 straight-eight engine and the new double-pivot rear axle.

Horch 853 A models_constellation_horch853_a_144_80.jpg

The next model to appear was the Horch 853 A in 1937. Once again, the main differences were under the skin: a new front axle and a 50mm shorter wheelbase.

Horch 853 Sedan models_constellation_horch853_highend_144_80.jpg

The Horch 853 was available to customers´ special order with exclusive bodywork from various coachbuilders.

Horch 853 Coupé models_constellation_horch853_twodoor_144_80.jpg

One of the most elegant of all special bodies was the Coupé on an 853 chassis that Erdmann & Rossi built to the order of star racing driver Bernd Rosemeyer.

Wanderer W 25 K

The Wanderer W 25 K sports car not only looks extremely attractive, but was also an unusually good performer. Designed by Ferdinand Porsche, the 2-litre six-cylinder engine developed 85 hp thanks to the use of a supercharger. The modern, American-influenced styling was derived from the Wanderer W 51, the modern lines of which were to act as a starting point for the entire Auto Union model range.

Wanderer W 25 K Roadster models_constellation_w25k_roadster_1_144_80.jpg

Wanderer W 25 K Roadster, supercharged six-cylinder inline engine, 1963 cc, 85 hp, 1937. This car is on display at the museum mobile in the Audi Forum, Ingolstadt.

Wanderer W 25 K Cabriolet models_constellation_w25k_cabriolet_144_80.jpg

Wanderer W 25 K Cabriolet, supercharged six-cylinder inline engine, 1963 cc, 85 hp, built in 1936; this version had a folding soft top and crank-operated windows.

Wanderer W 25 K Roadster models_constellation_w25k_roadster_2_144_80.jpg

Wanderer W 25 K Roadster, supercharged six-cylinder inline engine, 1963 cc, 85 hp, built in 1936; this is the launch of the W 25 K at the German Motor Show in Berlin, held in February 1936.

Wanderer W 25 K Roadster models_constellation_w25k_roadster_3_144_80.jpg

Wanderer W 25 K Roadster, supercharged six-cylinder inline engine, 1963 cc, 85 hp; this is the title picture of the 1936 brochure.

Wanderer W 25 K Roadster models_constellation_w25k_roadster_4_144_80.jpg

Wanderer W 25 K Roadster, supercharged six-cylinder inline engine, 1963 cc, 85 hp, built in 1936; a car from the Audi Tradition historic collection.

Wanderer W 25 K Roadster models_constellation_w25k_roadster_5_144_80.jpg

Wanderer W 25 K Roadster, supercharged six-cylinder inline engine, 1963 cc, 85 hp, built in 1936; a most fascinating and attractive dash panel.

DKW 3=6

Three equals six! This simple mathematical equation greatly impressed the public. A three-cylinder two-stroke engine, since it has twice as many working strokes as a four-stroke engine, therefore benefits from a power flow as smooth as a six-cylinder four stroke. The DKW 3=6 went into production in 1953 and became one of Germany’s dream cars during the years of the ‘economic miracle’.

DKW 3=6 Sonderklasse F 91 Coupé models_constellation_dkw3=6_f_91_144_80.jpg

Three-cylinder two-stroke engine, 896 cc, 34 hp, front-wheel drive, built in 1953; this was the first version of the three-cylinder DKW.

AudiDKW 3=6 Sonderklasse F 93 Coupé models_constellation_large3=6_twodoor_144_80.jpg

Three-cylinder two-stroke engine, 896 cc, 38 hp, front-wheel drive, 1956. The Grosser (large) DKW 3=6 with a 10 cm wider body was introduced in 1955.

DKW 3=6 Sonderklasse F 93 Two-seater Cabriolet models_constellation_large3=6_convertible_144_80.jpg

Three-cylinder two-stroke engine, 896 cc, 38 hp, front-wheel drive, 1956. The DKW 3=6 Cabriolet had a body made by Karmann.

DKW 3=6 Rapid Delivery Van, Type F 800/3 models_constellation_3=6topspeed_truck_k144_80.jpg

Three-cylinder two-stroke engine, 896 cc, 38 hp, front-wheel drive, 1959. The DKW rapid delivery van was given the three-cylinder engine in the summer of 1955.

DKW 3=6 Sonderklasse F 93 Coupé, 1957 Model models_constellation_large3=6_1957_144_80.jpg

Three-cylinder two-stroke engine, 896 cc, 40 hp, front-wheel drive, built in 1957; this was a more powerful model with new front-end styling.

DKW 3=6 Universal, Type F 94 models_constellation_large3=6_multifunction_144_80.jpg

Three-cylinder two-stroke engine, 896 cc, 40 hp, front-wheel drive, 1957; the large DKW 3=6 as an estate car.

Audi 100 Coupé S

The coupé version of the Audi 100, with distinct echoes of contemporary Italian car design, was first seen at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 1969. Details that distinguished this car with its fastback body style from the regular Audi 100 saloon included wider tires, a variable-height steering wheel, ventilated front brake discs and upgraded interior equipment and trim.

Audi 100 Coupé S 1969 models_constellation_twodoor_s_1969_144_80.jpg

Four-cylinder inline engine, 1871 cc, 84 kW/115 bhp, two-carburetor version; a photo shooting session with one of the first prototypes.

Audi 100 Coupé S 1971 models_constellation_twodoor_s_1971_144_80.jpg

Four-cylinder inline engine, 1871 cc, 84 kW/115 bhp, two-carburetor version; the photo from the sales brochure.

Audi 100 Coupé S 1975 models_constellation_twodoor_s_1975_144_80.jpg

Four-cylinder inline engine, 1871 cc, 84 kW/115 bhp, two-carburetor version; the first series-production version.

Audi 100 Coupé S 1970 models_constellation_twodoor_s_1970_144_80.jpg

Four-cylinder inline engine, 1871 cc, 82 kW/112 bhp; the version with single-carburetor engine.

Audi 100 Coupé S 1973 models_constellation_twodoor_s_1973_144_80.jpg

Four-cylinder inline engine, 1871 cc, 82 kW/112 bhp; the facelifted version with new side panels and modified wheels.

Audi 100 Coupé S 1976 models_constellation_twodoor_s_1976_144_80.jpg

Four-cylinder inline engine, 1871 cc, 82 kW/112 bhp; the last model before production ceased.

Audi quattro®

The Audi quattro® with permanent all-wheel drive, shown by Audi for the first time at the Geneva Motor Show in March 1980. Transfer of the all-wheel drive principle from an off-road vehicle to a sports saloon called above all for dynamic refinement to be improved. This was achieved by the ingenious hollow-shaft design of the central differential, which distributed engine power between the front and rear axles.

Audi quattro, Geneva 1980 models_constellation_quattro01_1980_144_80.jpg

5-cylinder petrol engine with turbocharger and intercooler, 2,144 cc to 2,226 cc, from 200 hp at 5,500 rpm to 220 hp at 5,900 rpm. It was first known by the world at Geneva Motor show in March 1980.

Audi quattro, 1980 models_constellation_quattro02_1980_144_80.jpg

5-cylinder petrol engine with turbocharger and intercooler, 2,144 cc to 2,226 cc, from 200 hp at 5,500 rpm to 220 hp at 5,900 rpm. Outstanding traction was due to permanent four-wheel drive and two manually locking differentials, which made Audi quattro excellent on slippery surfaces.

Audi quattro, 1980 models_constellation_quattro03_1980_144_80.jpg

5-cylinder petrol engine with turbocharger and intercooler, 2,144 cc to 2,226 cc, from 200 hp at 5,500 rpm to 220 hp at 5,900 rpm.

Audi quattro, 1981 models_constellation_quattro04_1981_144_80.jpg

5-cylinder petrol engine with turbocharger and intercooler, 2,144 cc to 2,226 cc, from 200 hp at 5,500 rpm to 220 hp at 5,900 rpm. The smooth Fuchs wheel rims were available at extra charge; the double headlights were also used on the Audi 200 and remained in production until the autumn of 1982.

Audi quattro, 1981 models_constellation_quattro05_1981_144_80.jpg

5-cylinder petrol engine with turbocharger and intercooler, 2,144 cc to 2,226 cc, from 200 hp at 5,500 rpm to 220 hp at 5,900 rpm.

Audi 80 quattro, 1983 models_constellation_quattro06_1983_144_80.jpg

4-and 5-cylinder petrol engine, 4-cylinder diesel engine (also as turbo diesel), 1,272 cc to 2,144 cc, from 55 hp at 5,800 rpm to 136 hp at 5,900 rpm. The second generation of the success model Audi 80 was presented on 30 August 1978. Designer Giugiaro was responsible for the elegant body form. Until the end of production of the Audi 80 B2 series, a total of 27,814 Audi 80 quattro vehicles were built.

Audi 100 Avant quattro, 1984 models_constellation_quattro07_1984_144_80.jpg

4-and 5-cylinder inline petrol or diesel engine, 1,781 cc to 2,226 cc, from 70 hp at 4,800 rpm to 165 hp at 5,500 rpm. From August 1982, the revolutionary Audi 100 in streamline form was built. With a drag coefficient of just cw=0.3, it gained the coveted "Golden Steering Wheel" and the "Car of the Year" awards.

Audi Sport quattro, 1984 models_constellation_quattro08_1984_144_80.jpg

5-cylinder petrol engine with turbocharger and intercooler, 2,133 cc, 306 hp at 6,700 rpm, only 214 of these cars in two years were built.

Audi Sport quattro, 1984 models_constellation_quattro09_1984_144_80.jpg

5-cylinder petrol engine with turbocharger and intercooler, 2,133 cc, 306hp at 6,700rpm. Viewed from above, the chassis shows the longitudinally installed engine and the drive concept adopted from the Audi quattro. In front of the engine is the large intercooler. The radiator for the coolant is located on the left, next to the engine.

Audi Sport quattro, 1984 models_constellation_quattro10_1984_144_80.jpg

5-cylinder petrol engine with turbocharger and intercooler, 2,133 cc, 306 hp at 6,700 rpm. 306 hp provided for breathtaking acceleration, even on dirt tracks.

Audi 200 Avant quattro, 1985 models_constellation_quattro11_1985_144_80.jpg

5-cylinder inline engine (with turbocharger and intercooler on the turbo version), 2,144 cc to 2,226 cc, from 136 hp at 5,700 rpm to 220 hp at 5,700 rpm.

Audi 90 quattro, 1985 models_constellation_quattro12_1985_144_80.jpg

5-cylinder petrol engine, 4-cylinder turbo diesel engine, 1,588 cc to 2,226 cc, from 70 hp at 4,500 rpm to 136 hp at 5,700 rpm. From September the 5-cylinder engines were only offered in the new Audi 90. The most exotic engine version for the Audi 90 was the 70 hp 1,600 cc turbo diesel.

Audi Coupé quattro, 1985 models_constellation_quattro13_1985_144_80.jpg

4-and 5-cylinder petrol engines, 1,781 cc to 2,226 cc, from 75 hp at 4,500 rpm to 136 hp at 5,700 rpm. In November 1980, Audi presented the first Audi Coupé. The face lifted Coupés can easily be recognized by their flush headlights, darkened tail lights and full area bumpers.

Audi 90 quattro 20V, 1986 models_constellation_quattro14_1986_144_80.jpg

4-and 5-cylinder petrol engines 4-cylinder turbo diesel engine, 1,984 cc to 2,309 cc, from 80 hp at 4,500 rpm to 170 hp at 6,000 rpm. Like the predecessor model, the Audi 90 was a luxuriously equipped Audi 80 B3 with modified front end, bumpers and exterior mirrors painted in body color, light strip between the tail lights and more sophisticated equipment. The model series closed the gap between the Audi 80 and Audi 100.

Audi quattro 20V, 1989 models_constellation_quattro15_1989_144_80.jpg

5-cylinder petrol engine with turbocharger and intercooler, 2,144 cc to 2,226 cc, from 200 hp at 5,500 rpm to 220 hp at 5,900 rpm. A new 20-valve engine was introduced in 1989. After 11,452 Audi quattro cars had been built, production of the longest built Audi model ceased on 17 May 1991.

Audi 200 quattro 20V, 1989 models_constellation_quattro16_1989_144_80.jpg

5-cylinder inline engine (with turbocharger and intercooler on the turbo version), 2,144 cc to 2,226 cc, from 136 hp at 5,700 rpm to 220 hp at 5,700 rpm. With Metallic White, pearl effect paint finish, the wheel rims were also painted in the body color.

Audi 80 quattro, 1990 models_constellation_quattro17_1990_144_80.jpg

4-cylinder petrol and diesel engines; diesel engine also as turbo diesel, 1,588 cc to 1,984 cc, from 55 hp at 5,800 rpm to 136 hp at 5,900 rpm. It remained in production for five years, during which it sold 1,287,799 units.

Audi 80 quattro 16V, 1990 models_constellation_quattro18_1990_144_80.jpg

4-cylinder petrol and diesel engines; diesel engine also as turbo diesel, 1,588 cc to 1,984 cc, from 55 hp at 5,800 rpm to 136 hp at 5,900 rpm. The sportiest Audi 80 was the Audi 80 16V, which was presented in the autumn of 1989. It was also available as a quattro, and with an engine output of 137 hp from the 2-litre 4-valve 4-cylinder engine. It was good for a top speed of 210 km/h.

NSU Ro 80

The NSU Ro 80 was the last car to bear the NSU name. The NSU Ro 80 was introduced at the Frankfurt Motor Show in the autumn of 1967, and 37,398 were built between 1967 and 1977. Futuristic styling and a twin-rotor Wankel engine (85 kW/115 bhp) were features of the car voted "Car of the Year, 1967". Today a NSU Ro 80 is on display in Munich’s ‘Pinakothek der Moderne’ gallery as an example of outstanding design.

NSU Ro 80 models_constellation_nsu_ro_80_144_80.jpg

Factory photo of NSU Ro 80, 1967-1977, 1,000 cc chamber volume, 115 bhp.

Wankel Engine models_constellation_wankel_motor_144_80.jpg

Advantages of the Wankel engine: fewer components, since the engine has no connecting rods, inlet and exhaust valves, camshafts, tappets and pushrods.

DKW Super Sport 500

The Z 500 of 1926 was the first DKW motorcycle with a twin-cylinder engine. This was initially air-cooled, but a water-cooled version was introduced in 1927 – the ZSW 500. From this model, the Super-Sport 500 was derived two years later, with a modern saddle tank, a tubular frame and the 500 cc twin-cylinder two-stroke engine’s power output increased to 18 hp.

models_constellation_dkw_sport500_144_80.jpg

DKW Super Sport 500

2-cylinder, 2-stroke in line, transverse installation, water-cooled, 494 cc, 18 hp at 3,000 rpm, maximum speed was able to 120 km/h; approximately 1,200 motorcycles were built during the year 1929 and 1933. The 500-series Super Sport was launched in 1929, the sporty top model in the DKW motorcycle range.
NSU Supermax

This motorcycle was raced in 1953 with a new frame but the previous season’s engine. The engine is easily identifiable by its Silumin block. The factory-entered competition bike was victorious in 1952 in German championship events in Berlin (Avus), Hamburg (City Park) and on the Grenzlandring circuit. At race meetings the Rennmax took first place nine times, ridden by Werner Haas, Bill Lomas, Otto Daiker and Reginald Armstrong.

NSU Rennmax models_constellation_nsu_rennmax_144_80.jpg

Extracting 2.5 more horsepower from the engine and reducing the weight by 6 kg raised the top speed by 6 km/h, to 186 km/h.

Werner Haas models_constellation_werner_haas_144_80.jpg

On this bike Werner Haas took the 1953 World Championship in the 250 cc class, despite very strong competition.

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